Using a special gene-editing technology, CRISPR, they might be able to develop a cocoa plant capable of surviving in drier conditions.
Beyond the glittery glass-and-sandstone walls of the University of California's new biosciences building, rows of tiny green cacao seedlings in refrigerated greenhouses await judgment day.
Experts predict the world could run out of chocolate in the next thirty years - all thanks to global warming.
Cacao plants are in danger of disappearing.
An incredibly depressing report from the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration found that almost 90 percent of more than 290 locations won't be able to support cocoa plantation by 2050.
The Sun reports cocoa beans, which grown on cacao trees only thrive in humid rainforest-like conditions close the equator.
Additionally, floods, droughts and windstorms are already common where cacao is cultivated - and climate change is making these extreme weather events worse and more frequent. Typically, more than half of the world's chocolate comes from Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana and Indonesia.
In September, the company promised $1 billion as a feature of an exertion called "Supportability in a Generation", which intends to diminish the carbon impression of its business and production network by over 60% by 2050.
Its drive with Cho at UC Berkeley is another arm of that endeavors. "There are obviously commitments the world is leaning into but, frankly, we don't think we're getting there fast enough collectively".
Berkeley's gene-editing technology, called CRISPR, has been in the works for a while, though when it gets attention, it's nearly always for the potential to eliminate genetic diseases or (sort of on the extreme end of this) build "designer babies". Despite the fact that her apparatus has gotten more consideration for its capability to annihilate human infections and make alleged "fashioner babies", Doudna figures its most significant applications won't be on people but instead on the food they eat. "Personally, I'd love a tomato plant with fruit that stayed on the vine longer", she said.
Stockpiles of cocoa are decreasing, our current methods of farming aren't equipped to maintain production, and changes in the environment will make it even harder for plants to grow.
As far as modern civilization knows, Earth is the only planet with chocolate.