According to reports, the exercise will involve seven South Korean and 11 USA ships, as well as the USS Ronald Reagan, Theodore Roosevelt, and Nimitz.
The USS Ronald Reagan aircraft carrier arrives in the South Korean port city of Busan on October 21, 2017.
The drills are scheduled to take place from November 11-14 in the East Sea, also known as the Sea of Japan in an ongoing naming dispute between South Korea and Japan.
The military also said another goal of the drills was to "show off the determination for strong retaliation and the firm military readiness", and the ROK and USA militaries' ability to "repulse any kind of provocations by North Korea with overwhelming military power in case of contingency".
The objective of the exercise was to demonstrate the U.S. Navy's ability to "operate multiple carrier strike groups as a coordinated strike force efforts", the navy said, adding that the three carrier strike groups will conduct training including "air defense drills, sea surveillance, replenishment at sea, defensive air combat training, close-in coordinated maneuver".
At a summit in Seoul Tuesday, Trump and South Korean President Moon Jae-In agreed to increase the deployment of United States military assets around the Korean peninsula to step up pressure on the North.
The U.S. and South Korea kick-off a landmark operation in the Western Pacific.
Xi said the two countries reiterated their "firm commitment" to the denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula and the implementation of United Nations resolutions.
Seoul's presidential office said the two leaders reached the agreement at talks in Da Nang, Vietnam on Saturday on the sidelines of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) summit.
Bong Young-shik, an expert on regional relations at South Korea's Yonsei University, said: "China's economic retaliation only pushed Korea closer into the trilateral alliance between Japan and the US".
The writers argue that China never intended the informal sanctions it slapped on South Korea after the deployment of a US Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) antimissile system to be long term.