Many in the GOP have claimed, since the election, that Democrat voters from MA came to New Hampshire to cast ballots and swing the state.
According to Jasper, 196 individuals who appear on the list are now being investigated "as possibly having voted in New Hampshire and one other state".
New Hampshire House Speaker Shawn Jasper (R-Hudson) released data on September 7 based on inquiries he made in mid-August to the Department of State, which oversees elections, and the Department of Safety. A few hundred voters had registered cards in the state but did not get state licenses.
The two agencies explained the 5,313 number (neither a driver's license nor a registered motor vehicle many months later) with several possible reasons.
He also noted that could have changed the outcome in last year's high profile U.S. Senate race between Hassan and Republican Kelly Ayotte. He includes a quote from former U.S. Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens' opinion in a 2008 voting case that public confidence "is closely related to the state's interest in preventing voter fraud, public confidence in the integrity of the electoral process has independent significance, because it encourages citizen participation in the democratic process".
More than 81 percent of the voters identified in the investigation who used an out-of-state driver's license "had neither held a New Hampshire driver's license nor had registered a vehicle in New Hampshire".
Last spring, a bill was signed into law that clearly requires anyone registering to vote less than 30 days before an election take one of more specified steps to make New Hampshire "the one place, more than any other, from which he or she engages in the domestic, social, and civil activities of participating in democratic self-government".
"I categorically disagree that not updating your driver's license is proof of voter fraud", he said in an interview.
Alexander J. Rounaghi, 19, used his California ID to vote while studying at Dartmouth.
Another, 20-year-old Jonah Cohen, said, "I've since transferred to Columbia, so I won't be voting in New Hampshire anymore, but I haven't changed my registration yet..."
That explanation may account for much of the change in New Hampshire politics.
However, when it comes to election integrity, Kobach's credibility problems don't end there.
"If they are talking about stuffing ballots here or missing ballots there, well that doesn't happen in New Hampshire, and there has been no suspicion that it happened this time", Duprey added.
But Kobach was only the most prominent commission member mangling the data. The vast majority were, of course, college students or recent arrivals to the state, people with driver's licenses from another state who registered to vote in New Hampshire (a perfectly legal thing to do).
After Kobach's charges, the four members of the state's congressional delegation called on Gardner to resign from the commission, but Gardner refused, calling them "hypocritical".
In June, Republican Kris Kobach, Kansas secretary of state and vice chairman of the commission, sent a letter to top state election officials requesting voter lists, including social security numbers, which OR did not provide.