The envoys welcomed assurances by Israel's prime minister that "the status quo at the holy sites in Jerusalem will be upheld and respected".
Laub reported from the West Bank.
Mr Abbas had said on Friday that he was suspending "all contacts" with Israel over the issue.
"Checks with metal detectors won't succeed", housing minister Yoav Gallant told the Ynet news agency.
A picture taken on July 23, 2017, shows security devices installed by Israeli authorities, which include metal detectors and cameras, outside Lions' Gate, a main entrance to al-Aqsa Mosque compound in Jerusalem al-Quds.
Aboul-Gheit added that the current measures "have nothing to do with security". "They should know that they will eventually lose, because we have been making it our solemn duty to keep up security on our side here and on theirs".
A general view of the Arab League Summit.
Saturday saw fresh clashes between Palestinians and Israeli security forces.
Tensions over the Al-Aqsa mosque persist after last week's armed clashes that left three Palestinians and two Israeli policemen dead.
On Friday, three Palestinians were killed and hundreds of others were wounded in violent clashes with Israeli forces.
Earlier in the day, Israeli officials said they searched the West Bank home of a Palestinian who broke into a home and stabbed to death three Israelis during their dinner.
In a Facebook post Friday, Omar al-Abed said he was avenging what he called Israel's "desecration" of a Jerusalem shrine.
The Israeli security cabinet was due to meet on Sunday evening to discuss possible alternatives to the metal detectors.
Gadi Zohar, former chief Israeli military administrator for the West Bank and Gaza Strip, also called for a reassessment of the measure.
Israel will not remove metal detectors whose installation outside a major Jerusalem mosque has triggered the bloodiest confrontations with the Palestinians in years, but could eventually reduce their use.
Abu El Gheit, Egypt's previous foreign minister, who visited the Temple Mount during his tenure, added that "the Israeli authorities put the region in a very risky situation", saying that Israeli policies "are not directed at the Palestinians alone" and that they "hurt the feelings of every Arab and Muslim in the world".
"Since the beginning of the events I've conducted a series of meetings and evaluations with the all the security officials, including those on the ground".